Magnes, Judah Leon

   Prominent Hebrew educator born in San Francisco, he was ordained as a rabbi at Hebrew Union College in 1900. An ardent Zionist, he was active in many of the American Zionist organizations prior to his settling in Palestine in 1922. He helped to establish the American Jewish Committee, which sought to speak for the Jewish community in the United States and to act in its defense against anti-Semitism, and served on its executive committee from 1906 to 1918. He was among those who helped create the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and became its chancellor in 1925. After reorganization, he became the president of the university in 1935, a post in which he remained until he died. He became an advocate of a binational state in Palestine as a means of preventing bloodshed, which he believed would be associated with efforts to establish a Jewish state, and in 1929 helped found Brit Shalom. In 1942, he founded the Ihud (Unity) Organization for better understanding between Arabs and Jews. He continued to advocate a binational state until after the establishment of Israel. Magnes died in New York.
   See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MAGNES, JUDAH LEON — (1877–1948), U.S. rabbi and communal leader. He was chancellor and first president of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Magnes was born in San Francisco, California, to parents who emigrated from Poland and Germany in 1863. He attended the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Magnes, Judah Leon — born July 5, 1877, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 27, 1948, New York, N.Y. U.S. born Israeli educator and religious leader. Ordained as a rabbi in 1900, he earned a doctorate at the University of Heidelberg in 1902. Serving as rabbi for… …   Universalium

  • Magnes, Judah Leon — (1877 1948)    American rabbi and educator. He was born in San Francisco. He was the rabbi of Temple Israel in Brooklyn, and later assistant rabbi of Temple Emanu El in New York. He was also president of the kehillah in New York. In 1922 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Magnes, Judah León — (5 jul. 1877, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.– 27 oct. 1948, Nueva York, N.Y.). Educador y líder religioso israelí de origen estadounidense. Ordenado rabino en 1900, obtuvo un doctorado en la Universidad de Heidelberg en 1902. Fue rabino de tres… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Judah Leon Magnes — Born July 5, 1877(1877 07 05) San Francisco, California, USA Died October 27, 1948( …   Wikipedia

  • Judah Leon Magnes — (* 5. Juli 1877 in San Francisco, Kalifornien; † 27. Oktober 1948 in New York, NY) war ein bedeutender US amerikanischer Rabbiner des Reformjudentums, Gründer und Leiter zahlreicher jüdischer Organis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magnes, Judah Leib (Leon) — (1877–1948)    US and Palestine rabbi and educator. A native of San Francisco, Magnes was ordained a Reform rabbi in 1900. He became a minister in New York, where he founded the Kehillah (1908– 22), a communal framework for Jewish religion,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Judah — /jooh deuh/, n. 1. the fourth son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 29:35. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel traditionally descended from him. 3. the Biblical kingdom of the Hebrews in S Palestine, including the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Cf. Ephraim… …   Universalium

  • Judah — (as used in expressions) Alkalai, Judah ben Solomon Hai Benjamin, Judah P(hilip) Eleazar ben Judah de Worms Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymos Ibn Tibbon, Judah ben Saul Magnes, Judah León …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leon — /lee on/, n. a male given name, form of Leo. * * * I Medieval kingdom, northwestern Spain. Leon proper included the cities of León, Salamanca, and Zamora the adjacent areas of Vallodolid and Palencia being disputed with Castile, originally its… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.